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TH7107 Datasheet

FSK/FM/ASK Transmitter

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TH7107
315/433MHz
FSK/FM/ASK Transmitter
Features
! Fully integrated, PLL-stabilized VCO
! Flexible frequency range from 310 MHz to 450 MHz
! FSK through crystal pulling allows modulation from
DC to 20 kbit/s
! High FSK deviation possible for wideband data
transmission
! ASK achieved by on/off keying of internal
power amplifier
! FM possible with external varactor
! Wide power supply range from 2.2 V to 5.5 V
! High over-all frequency accuracy
! Very low standby current
! Adjustable output power range from
-12 dBm to +2 dBm
! Adjustable current consumption from
4.8 mA to 11.5 mA
! FSK deviation and center frequency
independently adjustable
! Differential output well-suited for loop
antenna
! External clock available for µC drive,
down to 1.9 V supply
! ”Clock only” mode
! Conforms to EN 300 220 and similar
standard
Ordering Information
Part No.
TH7107
Temperature Range
-40 C° to 85 °C
Package
SOIC16
Application Examples
! Keyless car and central locking
! Low-power telemetry
! Alarm and security systems
! General digital data transmission
! General analog audio signal transmission
Pin Description
LF1 1
SUB 2
DATA 3
RO2 4
RO1 5
ENTX 6
ENCK 7
CKOUT 8
TH7107
16 LF2
15 VCC
14 VEE
13 OUT1
12 OUT2
11 VEE
10 VCC
9 PS
3901007107
Rev. 005
Page 1 of 14
Data Sheet
Dec. 2001



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TH7107 Datasheet Preview

TH7107 Datasheet

FSK/FM/ASK Transmitter

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TH7107 pdf
TH7107
315/433MHz
FSK/FM/ASK Transmitter
General Description
The TH7107 FSK/ASK/FM transmitter IC is
designed for applications in the European 433MHz
industrial-scientific-medical (ISM) band, according
to the EN 300 220 telecommunications standard. It
can also be used for any other system with carrier
frequencies ranging from 310 MHz to 450 MHz
(e.g. for applications in the US 315MHz ISM band).
The transmitter's carrier frequency fc is determined
by the frequency of the reference crystal fref that is
used. The integrated PLL synthesizer ensures that
each RF value, ranging from 310 MHz to 450 MHz,
can be achieved by using a crystal with reference
frequency according to: fref = fc/N, where N = 32 is
the PLL feedback divider ratio.
Theory of Operation
General
As depicted in Fig.1, the TH7107 transmitter
consists of a fully integrated voltage-controlled
oscillator (VCO), a divide-by-32 divider (div32), a
phase-frequency detector (PFD) and a charge
pump. An external loop filter at pin LF determines
the dynamic behavior of the PLL and suppresses
reference spurious signals.
The VCO’s output signal feeds the power amplifier
(PA). RF signal power Po can be adjusted in six
steps from Po = –12 dBm to +2 dBm either by
changing the value of resistor RPS or by varying the
voltage VPS at pin PS. The open-collector differential
output (OUT1, OUT2) can be used to either directly
drive a loop antenna or to be converted to a single-
ended impedance by means of a balanced-to-
unbalanced (balun) transformer. For maximum
available output power, the differential output
should be matched to a load of approx. 1 k.
Bandgap biasing ensures stable operation of the IC
at a power supply range of 2.2 V to 5.5 V.
FSK Modulation
A Colpitts crystal oscillator (XOSC) is used as the
reference oscillator of a phase-locked loop (PLL)
synthesizer. FSK modulation is achieved by pulling
the crystal (XTAL) through the data. So a CMOS-
compatible data stream applied at input DATA
digitally modulates the XOSC. Two external pulling
capacitors CX1 and CX2 allow the FSK deviation
and center frequency to be adjusted independently.
At DATA = LOW CX2 is connected in parallel to
CX1 leading to the low-frequency component of the
FSK spectrum (fmin); while at DATA = HIGH CX2 is
deactivated and the XOSC is set to its high
frequency, leading to fmax.
An external reference signal can be directly AC-
coupled to pin RO1. Then the TH7107 is used
without an XTAL. The reference signal has to
contain the FSK (or FM) and sets the carrier
frequency.
Frequency Modulation (FM)
For FM operation an external varactor is required. It
simply acts as a pulling capacitor connected in
series to the crystal. Then the analog modulation
signal, applied through a series resistor, directly
modulates the XOSC.
ASK Modulation
The TH7107 can be ASK-modulated by applying
data directly at pin PS. This turns the PA on and off
and therefore leads to an ASK signal at the output.
Mode Control Logic
The mode control logic allows four different modes
of operation as listed in the following table. The
mode control pins ENCK and ENTX are pulled-
down internally. This guarantees that the whole
circuit is shut down if these pins are left floating.
The clock output CKOUT can be used to drive a µC.
This output can be activated by the ENCK pin as
required for any specific application. Clock
frequency is 1/4 of the reference crystal frequency.
ENCK ENTX Mode
Description
0 0 all OFF whole circuit in standby
0 1 TX only TX functionality only, no
clock available
1 0 clock TX in standby and clock
only available
1 1 all ON TX functional and clock
available
Table 1: Modes of operation
3901007107
Rev. 005
Page 2 of 14
Data Sheet
Dec. 2001


Part Number TH7107
Description FSK/FM/ASK Transmitter
Maker Melecis
Total Page 14 Pages
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