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X1226 Datasheet Preview

X1226 Datasheet

Real Time Clock/Calendar with EEPROM

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X1226 pdf
4K (512 x 8)
New Features
Repetitive Alarms &
Temperature Compensation
X1226
Real Time Clock/Calendar with EEPROM
2-WireRTC
FEATURES
• Real Time Clock/Calendar
—Tracks time in Hours, Minutes, and Seconds
—Day of the Week, Day, Month, and Year
• 2 Polled Alarms (Non-volatile)
—Settable on the Second, Minute, Hour, Day of
the Week, Day, or Month
—Repeat Mode (periodic interrupts)
• Oscillator Compensation on chip
—Internal feedback resistor and compensation
capacitors
—64 position Digitally Controlled Trim Capacitor
—6 digital frequency adjustment settings to
±30ppm
• Battery Switch or Super Cap Input
• 512 x 8 Bits of EEPROM
—64-Byte Page Write Mode
—8 modes of Block Lock™ Protection
—Single Byte Write Capability
• High Reliability
—Data Retention: 100 years
—Endurance: 100,000 cycles per byte
• 2-Wire™ Interface interoperable with I2C*
—400kHz data transfer rate
• Frequency Output (SW Selectable: Off, 1Hz,
4096Hz or 32.768kHz)
• Low Power CMOS
—1.25µA Operating Current (Typical)
• Small Package Options
—8-Lead SOIC and 8-Lead TSSOP
APPLICATIONS
• Utility Meters
• HVAC Equipment
• Audio / Video Components
• Set Top Box / Television
• Modems
• Network Routers, Hubs, Switches, Bridges
• Cellular Infrastructure Equipment
• Fixed Broadband Wireless Equipment
• Pagers / PDA
• POS Equipment
• Test Meters / Fixtures
• Office Automation (Copiers, Fax)
• Home Appliances
• Computer Products
• Other Industrial / Medical / Automotive
DESCRIPTION
The X1226 device is a Real Time Clock with clock/
calendar, two polled alarms with integrated 512x8
EEPROM, oscillator compensation, and battery
backup switch.
The oscillator uses an external, low-cost 32.768kHz
crystal. All compensation and trim components are
integrated on the chip. This eliminates several external
discrete components and a trim capacitor, saving
board area and component cost.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
32.768kHz
X1
X2
PHZ/IRQ
Select
SCL
SDA
Serial
Interface
Decoder
Control
Decode
Logic
8
*I2C is a Trademark of Philips.
REV 1.1.24 1/13/03
OSC
Compensation
Oscillator
Frequency 1Hz
Divider
Timer
Calendar
Logic
Time
Keeping
Registers
(SRAM)
Control/
Registers
(EEPROM)
Status
Registers
(SRAM)
Alarm
Compare
Alarm Regs
(EEPROM)
4K
EEPROM
ARRAY
Battery
Switch
Circuitry
VCC
VBACK
www.xicor.com
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 1 of 24



Xicor
Xicor

X1226 Datasheet Preview

X1226 Datasheet

Real Time Clock/Calendar with EEPROM

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X1226 pdf
X1226
DESCRIPTION (continued)
The Real-Time Clock keeps track of time with separate
registers for Hours, Minutes, Seconds. The Calendar
has separate registers for Date, Month, Year and Day-
of-week. The calendar is correct through 2099, with
automatic leap year correction.
The powerful Dual Alarms can be set to any Clock/
Calendar value for a match. For instance, every
minute, every Tuesday, or 5:23 AM on March 21. The
alarms can be polled in the Status Register or provide
a hardware interrupt (IRQ Pin). There is a repeat
mode for the alarms allowing a periodic interrupt.
The PHZ/IRQ pin may be software selected to provide
a frequency output of 1 Hz, 4096 Hz, or 32,768 Hz.
The device offers a backup power input pin. This
VBACK pin allows the device to be backed up by battery
or SuperCap. The entire X1226 device is fully
operational from 2.7 to 5.5 volts and the clock/calendar
portion of the X1226 device remains fully operational
down to 1.8 volts (Standby Mode).
The X1226 device provides 4K bits of EEPROM with 8
modes of BlockLock™ control. The BlockLock allows a
safe, secure memory for critical user and configuration
data, while allowing a large user storage area.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
X1226
X1
X2
PHZ/IRQ
VSS
8-Pin SOIC
18
27
36
45
VCC VBACK
VBACK VCC
SCL X1
SDA
X2
8-Pin TSSOP
18
27
36
45
SCL
SDA
VSS
PHZ/IRQ
NC = No internal connection
Serial Clock (SCL)
The SCL input is used to clock all data into and out of
the device. The input buffer on this pin is always active
(not gated).
Serial Data (SDA)
SDA is a bidirectional pin used to transfer data into and
out of the device. It has an open drain output and may
be wire ORed with other open drain or open collector
outputs. The input buffer is always active (not gated).
An open drain output requires the use of a pull-up
resistor. The output circuitry controls the fall time of the
output signal with the use of a slope controlled pull-
down. The circuit is designed for 400kHz 2-wire inter-
face speed.
VBACK
This input provides a backup supply voltage to the
device. VBACK supplies power to the device in the
event the VCC supply fails. This pin can be connected
to a battery, a Supercap or tied to ground if not used.
Programmable Frequency/Interrupt Output – PHZ/IRQ
This is either an output from the internal oscillator or an
interrupt signal output. It is an open drain output.
When used as frequency output, this signal has a
frequency of 32.768kHz, 4096Hz, 1Hz or inactive.
When used as interrupt output, this signal notifies a
host processor that an alarm has occurred and an
action is required. It is an active LOW output.
The control bits for this function are FO1 and FO0 and
are found in address 0011h of the Clock Control Mem-
ory map. Refer to “Programmable Frequency Output
Bits” on page 6.
X1, X2
The X1 and X2 pins are the input and output,
respectively, of an inverting amplifier. An external
32.768kHz quartz crystal is used with the X1226 to
supply a timebase for the real time clock. The
recommended crystal is a Citizen CFS206-32.768KDZF.
Internal compensation circuitry is included to form a
complete oscillator circuit. Care should be taken in the
placement of the crystal and the layout of the circuit.
Plenty of ground plane around the device and short
traces to X1 and X2 are highly recommended. See
Application section for more recommendations.
Figure 1. Recommended Crystal connection
X1
X2
POWER CONTROL OPERATION
The power control circuit accepts a VCC and a VBACK
input. The power control circuit powers the clock from
VBACK when VCC < VBACK – 0.2V. It will switch back to
power the device from VCC when VCC exceeds VBACK.
REV 1.1.24 1/13/03
www.xicor.com
Characteristics subject to change without notice. 2 of 24


Part Number X1226
Description Real Time Clock/Calendar with EEPROM
Maker Xicor
Total Page 24 Pages
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