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Maxim Integrated Semiconductor Electronic Components Datasheet

MAX17260 Datasheet

1-Cell Fuel Gauge

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MAX17260
5.1μA 1-Cell Fuel Gauge with ModelGauge m5 EZ
and Optional High-Side Current Sensing
General Description
The MAX17260 is an ultra-low power fuel gauge IC which
implements the Maxim ModelGauge™ m5 algorithm. The
IC monitors a single-cell battery pack and supports both
high-side and low-side current sensing.
The ModelGauge m5 EZ algorithm makes fuel gauge im-
plementation easy by eliminating battery characterization
requirements and simplifying host software interaction.
The algorithm provides tolerance against battery diversity
for most lithium batteries and applications. The algorithm
combines the short-term accuracy and linearity of a
coulomb counter with the long-term stability of a voltage-
based fuel gauge, along with temperature compensation
to provide industry-leading fuel gauge accuracy. The
IC automatically compensates for cell-aging, temperature,
discharge rate, and provides accurate state-of-charge
(SOC) in percentage (%) and remaining capacity in mil-
liampere-hours (mAh) over a wide range of operating con-
ditions. As the battery approaches the critical region near
empty, the algorithm invokes a special correction mecha-
nism that eliminates any error. The IC provides accurate
estimation of time-to-empty and time-to-full and provides
three methods for reporting the age of the battery: reduc-
tion in capacity, increase in battery resistance, and cycle
odometer.
The IC provides precision measurements of current, volt-
age, and temperature. The temperature of the battery
pack is measured using an internal temperature sensor or
external thermistor. A 2-wire I2C interface provides access
to data and control registers. The IC is available in tiny
lead-free 0.4mm pitch, 1.5mm x 1.5mm, 9-pin WLP pack-
age and 3mm x 3mm, 14-pin TDFN package.
Applications
● Wearables, Smartwatches
● Tablets, 2-in-1 Laptops
● Bluetooth Headsets
● Health and Fitness Monitors
● Digital Still, Video, and Action Cameras
● Medical Devices
● Handheld Computers and Terminals
● Wireless Speakers
● Home and Building Automation, Sensors
● Portable Game Players
● Toys
Benefits and Features
● ModelGauge m5 EZ
• No Characterization Required for EZ Performance
• Robust Against Battery Variation
• Eliminates Error Near Empty Voltage
• Eliminates Coulomb-Counter Drift
• Compensates for Age, Current, and Temperature
• Does Not Require Empty, Full, or Idle States
● Low 5.1μA Operating Current
● Accurate Current Sensing
• High-Side or Low-Side Sensing Option
● Wide Sense Resistor Range: 1mΩ to 1000mΩ
● Trace Sensing with Temperature Compensation
● Supports Li+ and Variants Including LiFePO4
● Thermistor or ±1°C Internal Temperature
● Dynamic Power Estimates Power Capability During
Discharge
● Time-to-Empty and Time-to-Full Estimation
● Predicts Remaining Capacity Under Theoretical Load
● No Calibration Required
● Alert Indicator for Voltage, SOC, Temperature,
Current, and 1% SOC Change
Ordering Information appears at end of data sheet.
Simple Fuel-Gauge Circuit Diagram
0.1µF
OPTIONAL HIGH-SIDE
SENSING
RSENSE
CSN CSPH
BATT
SYSPWR
REG
0.47µF
MAX17260
PROTECTION
CIRCUIT
TH
10k
NTC
CSPL (TDFN)
GND EP (TDFN)
RSENSE
CSN
ALRT
SDA
SCL
SYSGND
ModelGauge is a trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.
19-100249; Rev 1; 6/18


Maxim Integrated Semiconductor Electronic Components Datasheet

MAX17260 Datasheet

1-Cell Fuel Gauge

No Preview Available !

MAX17260
5.1μA 1-Cell Fuel Gauge with ModelGauge m5 EZ
and Optional High-Side Current Sensing
TABLE OF CONTENTS
General Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Benefits and Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Simple Fuel-Gauge Circuit Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Absolute Maximum Ratings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Package Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
WLP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
TDFN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Electrical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Typical Operating Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Pin Configuration(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
TDFN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
WLP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Pin Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Functional Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Detailed Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
ModelGauge m5 EZ Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Application Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Standard Register Formats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ModelGauge m5 EZ Configuration Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
DesignCap Register (18h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
VEmpty Register (3Ah). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
ModelCfg Register (DBh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
IChgTerm Register (1Eh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Config Register (1Dh) and Config2 Register (BBh) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
ModelGauge m5 Algorithm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
ModelGauge m5 Algorithm Output Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
RepCap Register (05h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
RepSOC Register (06h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
FullCapRep Register (10h). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
TTE Register (11h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
TTF Register (20h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Cycles Register (17h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Status Register (00h) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Analog Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Voltage Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
VCell Register (09h). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
www.maximintegrated.com
Maxim Integrated | 2


Part Number MAX17260
Description 1-Cell Fuel Gauge
Maker Maxim Integrated
Total Page 30 Pages
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MAX17260 Datasheet PDF

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