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pH-Sensor Datasheet Preview

pH-Sensor Datasheet

pH Sensor

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pH Sensor
(Order Code PH-BTA)
Our pH Sensor can be used for any lab or
demonstration that can be done with a traditional pH meter, including: acid-base
titrations, monitoring pH in an aquarium, and investigating the water quality of streams
and lakes.
Inventory of Items Included with the pH Sensor
pH Sensor
Electrode Storage bottle, containing pH 4/KCl solution
NOTE: Vernier products are designed for educational use. Our products are not
designed nor recommended for any industrial, medical, or commercial process such
as life support, patient diagnosis, control of a manufacturing process, or industrial
testing of any kind.
Collecting Data with the pH Sensor
This sensor can be used with the following interfaces to collect data.
Vernier LabQuest® 2 or original LabQuest as a standalone device or with a
computer
Vernier LabQuest Mini with a computer
Vernier LabPro® with a computer or TI graphing calculator
Vernier Go!®Link
Vernier EasyLink®
Vernier SensorDAQ®
CBL 2™
TI-Nspire™ Lab Cradle
Here is the general procedure to follow when using the pH Sensor:
1. Connect the pH Sensor to the interface.
2. Start the data-collection software.
3. The software will identify the pH Sensor and load a default data-collection setup.
You are now ready to collect data.
Important: Do not fully submerge the sensor. The handle is not waterproof.
Data-Collection Software
This sensor can be used with an interface and the following data-collection software.
Logger Pro 3 This computer program is used with LabQuest 2, LabQuest,
LabQuest Mini, LabPro, or Go! Link.
Logger Lite This computer program is used with LabQuest 2, LabQuest,
LabQuest Mini, LabPro, or Go! Link.
LabQuest App This program is used when LabQuest 2 or LabQuest is used as a
standalone device.
DataQuest™ Software for TI-Nspire™ This calculator application for the
TI-Nspire™ can be used with the EasyLink or TI-Nspire™ Lab Cradle.
EasyData App This calculator application for the TI-83 Plus and TI-84 Plus can
be used with CBL 2, LabPro, and Vernier EasyLink. We recommend version 2.0
or newer, which can be downloaded from the Vernier web site,
www.vernier.com/easy/easydata.html, and then transferred to the calculator. See
the Vernier web site, www.vernier.com/calc/software/index.html for more
information on the App and Program Transfer Guidebook.
DataMate program Use DataMate with LabPro or CBL 2 and TI-73, TI-83,
TI-84, TI-86, TI-89, and Voyage 200 calculators. See the LabPro and CBL 2™
Guidebooks for instructions on transferring DataMate to the calculator.
LabVIEW™ National Instruments LabVIEW™ software is a graphical
programming language sold by National Instruments. It is used with SensorDAQ
and can be used with a number of other Vernier interfaces. See
www.vernier.com/labview for more information.
This sensor is equipped with circuitry that supports auto-ID. When used with
LabQuest 2, LabQuest, LabQuest Mini, LabPro, Go! Link, SensorDAQ, TI-Nspire™
Lab Cradle, EasyLink, or CBL 2™, the data-collection software identifies the sensor
and uses pre-defined parameters to configure an experiment appropriate to the
recognized sensor.
How the pH Sensor Works
The pH amplifier inside the handle is a circuit which allows the standard
combination pH electrode to be monitored by a lab interface. The cable from the pH
amplifier ends in a BTA plug.
The pH Sensor will produce a voltage of approximately 1.75 volts in a pH 7 buffer.
The voltage will increase by about 0.25 volts for every pH number decrease. The
voltage will decrease by about 0.25 volts/pH number as the pH increases.
The Vernier gel-filled pH Sensor is designed to make measurements in the pH range
of 0 to 14. The gel-filled reference half cell is sealed; it cannot be refilled.
Preparing for Use
To prepare the electrode to make pH measurements, follow this procedure:
Remove the storage bottle from the electrode by first unscrewing the lid and then
removing the bottle and lid. Thoroughly rinse the lower section of the probe,
especially around the bulb-shaped tip, using distilled or deionized water.
Connect the pH Sensor to your lab interface and run data-collection software.
Note: Do not completely submerge the sensor. The handle is not waterproof.
When you are finished making measurements, rinse the electrode with distilled
water. Slide the cap onto the electrode body, and then screw the cap onto the storage
bottle so the tip of the electrode is immersed in the storage solution. When the probe
is not being stored in the storage bottle, it can be stored for short periods of time (up
to 24 hours) in pH 4 or pH 7 buffer solution.
2




Vernier

pH-Sensor Datasheet Preview

pH-Sensor Datasheet

pH Sensor

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It should never be stored in distilled water. It is a good idea to prepare a quantity of
pH 4 buffer/KCl storage solution (see the section on Maintenance and Storage) and
use it to replace lost solution.
Calibration
For many experiments, calibrating the pH Sensor is not required. We store a
calibration equation on each pH sensor before shipping it, which is used as a default
by our software.
For the most accurate measurements with this sensor, we recommend calibration. It
is a simple process that takes only a few minutes.
Calibrating the pH Sensor Using Logger Pro 3
Before starting the calibration, obtain two buffer solutions and some distilled water
for rinsing. pH 4 and pH 7 buffer solutions work well, but any two buffers will be
suitable.
1. Connect the pH Sensor to your computer with a Vernier computer interface
(LabPro, Go! Link, LabQuest Mini, LabQuest or LabQuest 2).
2. Choose Calibrate CH1: pH from the Experiment menu and then click
Calibrate Now.
3. Remove the storage bottle from the pH Sensor, rinse the tip of the sensor with
distilled water, and place the sensor in the first buffer solution so the tip is
immersed.
4. Near the middle right of the calibration dialog box, you will see the potential
output of the pH sensor, in volts. Type the pH of the buffer solution, in which the
sensor rests, in the edit box. When the displayed voltage reading stabilizes, click
Keep.
5. Rinse the pH sensor with distilled water and place it in the second buffer solution.
The potential (voltage) will change. Type the pH of the second buffer solution in
the second edit box. When the displayed voltage reading stabilizes, click Keep.
6. (Optional) If you wish to store the calibration on the sensor itself, click the
Calibration Storage tab. If you wish to use the calibration only for the current
experiment, skip to Step 10.
7. Click Set Sensor Calibration. Make sure the Default Page corresponds to your
new calibration. Click Set.
8. Click Done. You will be prompted by the message, “Warning: You are about to
change information in your sensor. Configuration data stored on the sensor will be
lost. Pressing ‘Write’ will apply your changes to the sensor.” Click Write.
9. Click Done to complete the calibration process.
You have now stored the calibration on the sensor itself. This new calibration will be
used from now on, until you replace it by conducting another calibration or by
reverting to the factory calibration.
You can set the pH sensor back to its factory calibration by following these steps:
1. Select Calibrate CH1: pH from the Experiment menu.
2. Click the Calibration Storage tab.
3. Click Set Sensor Factory Defaults.
3
Calibrating the pH Sensor Using a LabQuest or LabQuest 2
1. Connect the pH Sensor to your LabQuest. The pH reading will be displayed.
2. Choose Calibrate CH1: pH from the Sensors menu and tap Calibrate Now.
3. Remove the storage bottle from the pH Sensor, rinse the tip of the sensor with
distilled water, and place the sensor in the first buffer solution so the tip is
immersed.
4. Enter the pH of the buffer solution as the known value for Reading 1. When the
voltage reading stabilizes, tap Keep.
5. Rinse the pH sensor with distilled water and place it in the second buffer solution.
6. In the Reading 2 field, enter the pH of the second buffer solution. When the
voltage reading stabilizes, tap Keep.
7. (Optional) If you wish to store the calibration on the sensor itself, tap the Storage
tab at the top of the screen. If you wish to use the calibration only for the current
experiment, skip to Step 9.
8. On the Storage page, tap Save Calibration to Sensor. A message will appear:
“Saving this calibration to the sensor will result in it being the new Custom
Calibration 1”. Tap OK to proceed.
9. Tap OK to complete the calibration process.
After you store a calibration to the pH Sensor, this new calibration will be used
automatically, regardless of the interface to which the pH Sensor is connected.
You can set the pH sensor back to its factory calibration by following these steps:
1. Choose Calibrate CH1: pH from the Sensors menu.
2. Tap the Storage tab.
3. Tap Restore Sensor Factory Defaults.
pH Buffer Solutions
In order to calibrate a pH Sensor, or to confirm that a saved pH calibration is
accurate, you should have a supply of pH buffer solutions that cover the range of pH
values you will be measuring. We recommend buffer solutions of pH 4, 7, and 10.
Vernier sells a pH buffer kit (order code PHB). The kit contains 4 tablets each of
buffer pH 4, 7, and 10 and a small bottle of buffer preservative. Each tablet is
added to 100 mL of distilled water to prepare respective pH buffer solutions.
Flinn Scientific (www.flinnsci.com, Tel: 800-452-1261) sells a wide variety of
buffer tablets and prepared buffer solutions.
You can prepare your own buffer solutions using the following recipes:
pH 4.00
pH 7.00
pH 10.00
Add 2.0 mL of 0.1 M HCl to 1000 mL of 0.1 M potassium
hydrogen phthalate.
Add 582 mL of 0.1 M NaOH to 1000 mL of 0.1 M
potassium dihydrogen phosphate.
Add 214 mL of 0.1 M NaOH to 1000 mL of 0.05 M sodium
bicarbonate.
4


Part Number pH-Sensor
Description pH Sensor
Maker Vernier
Total Page 4 Pages
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