Digital Thermometer and Memory
§ Temperature measurements require no
§ Measures temperatures from -55°C to +125°C
in 0.03125°C increments. Fahrenheit
equivalent is -67°F to +257°F in 0.05625°F
§ Temperature is read as a 13-bit value (two
§ Converts temperature to digital word in 1
§ 256 bytes of E2 memory on board for storing
information such as frequency compensation
§ Data is read from/written via a 2-wire serial
interface (open drain I/O lines)
§ Applications include temperature-
compensated crystal oscillators for test
equipment and radio systems
§ 8-pin DIP or SOIC packages
DS1624S 8-PIN SOIC (208 MIL)
See Mech Drawings Section
DS1624 8-PIN DIP (300 MIL)
See Mech Drawings Section
SDA - 2-Wire Serial Data Input/Output
SCL - 2-Wire Serial Clock
GND - Ground
A0 - Chip Address Input
A1 - Chip Address Input
A2 - Chip Address Input
VDD - Digital Power Supply (+3V - +5V)
NC - No Connection
The DS1624 consists of a digital thermometer and 256 bytes of E2 memory. The thermometer provides
13-bit temperature readings which indicate the temperature of the device. The E2 memory allows a user to
store frequency compensation coefficients for digital correction of crystal frequency due to temperature.
Any other type of information may also reside in this user space.
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DETAILED PIN DESCRIPTION Table 1
PIN SYMBOL DESCRIPTION
Data input/output pin for 2-wire serial communication port.
2 SCL Clock input/output pin for 2-wire serial communication port.
3 NC No connect. No Internal Connection.
5 A2 Address input pin.
6 A1 Address input pin.
7 A0 Address input pin.
8 VDD Supply Voltage 2.7V to 5.5V input power pin.
A block diagram of the DS1624 is shown in Figure 1. The DS1624 consists of two separate functional
units: 1) a 256–byte nonvolatile E2 memory, and 2) a direct–to–digital temperature sensor.
The nonvolatile memory is made up of 256 bytes of E2 memory. This memory may be used to store any
type of information the user wishes; for example, frequency compensation coefficients may be placed in
this memory to allow for compensation of measured frequency depending upon the temperature at which
the measurement is made. These memory locations are accessed through the 2–wire serial bus.
The direct to digital temperature sensor allows the DS1624 to measure the ambient temperature and
report the temperature value in a 13–bit word, with 0.03125°C resolution. The temperature sensor and its
related registers are accessed through the 2–wire serial interface.
DS1624 FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM Figure 1
VDD STATUS REGISTER &
EEPROM MEMORY (256 BYTES)
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2-WIRE SERIAL DATA BUS
The DS1624 supports a bi–directional two–wire bus and data transmission protocol. A device that sends
data onto the bus is defined as a transmitter, and a device receiving data as a receiver. The device that
controls the message is called a “master”. The devices that are controlled by the master are “slaves”. The
bus must be controlled by a master device which generates the serial clock (SCL), controls the bus access,
and generates the START and STOP conditions. The DS1624 operates as a slave on the two–wire bus.
Connections to the bus are made via the open–drain I/O lines SDA and SCL. The following bus protocol
has been defined (See Figure 2):
• Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
• During data transfer, the data line must remain stable whenever the clock line is HIGH. Changes in
the data line while the clock line is high will be interpreted as control signals.
Accordingly, the following bus conditions have been defined:
Bus not busy: Both data and clock lines remain HIGH.
Start data transfer: A change in the state of the data line, from HIGH to LOW, while the clock is HIGH,
defines a START condition.
Stop data transfer: A change in the state of the data line, from LOW to HIGH, while the clock line is
HIGH, defines the STOP condition.
Data valid: The state of the data line represents valid data when, after a START condition, the data line
is stable for the duration of the HIGH period of the clock signal. The data on the line must be changed
during the LOW period of the clock signal. There is one clock pulse per bit of data.
Each data transfer is initiated with a START condition and terminated with a STOP condition The
number of data bytes transferred between START and STOP conditions is not limited, and is determined
by the master device. The information is transferred byte–wise and each receiver acknowledges with a
Within the bus specifications a regular mode (100 KHz clock rate) and a fast mode (400 KHz clock rate)
are defined. The DS1624 works in both modes.
Acknowledge: Each receiving device, when addressed, is obliged to generate an acknowledge after the
reception of each byte. The master device must generate an extra clock pulse which is associated with this
A device that acknowledges must pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse in such a
way that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH period of the acknowledge related clock pulse. Of
course, setup and hold times must be taken into account. A master must signal an end of data to the slave
by not generating an acknowledge bit on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this case,
the slave must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate the STOP condition.
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