4–20 mA, 0–20 mA Output Ranges
Precalibrated Input Ranges:
0 V to 2 V, 0 V to 10 V
Precision Voltage Reference
Programmable to 2.000 V or 10.000 V
Single or Dual Supply Operation
Wide Power Supply Range: 4.5 V to 36 V
Wide Output Compliance
Input Buffer Amplifier
Optional External Pass Transistor to Reduce
0.002% Typ Nonlinearity
4–20 mA Transmitter
FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
The AD694 is a monolithic current transmitter that accepts
high level signal inputs to drive a standard 4–20 mA current
loop for the control of valves, actuators, and other devices com-
monly used in process control. The input signal is buffered by
an input amplifier that can be used to scale the input signal or
buffer the output from a current mode DAC. Precalibrated in-
put spans of 0 V to 2 V and 0 V to 10 V are selected by simple
pin strapping; other spans may be programmed with external
The output stage compliance extends to within 2 V of VS and
its special design allows the output voltage to extend below
common in dual supply operation. An alarm warns of an open
4–20 mA loop or noncompliance of the output stage.
Active laser trimming of the AD694’s thin film resistors results
in high levels of accuracy without the need for additional adjust-
ments and calibration. An external pass transistor may be used
with the AD694 to off-load power dissipation, extending the
temperature range of operation.
The AD694 is the ideal building block for systems requiring
noise immune 4–20 mA signal transmission to operate valves,
actuators, and other control devices, as well as for the transmis-
sion of process parameters such as pressure, temperature, or
flow. It is recommended as a replacement for discrete designs in
a variety of applications in industrial process control, factory
automation, and system monitoring.
The AD694 is available in hermetically sealed, 16-pin CERDIP
and plastic SOIC, specified over the –40°C to +85°C industrial
temperature range, and in a 16-pin plastic DIP, specified over
the 0°C to +70°C temperature range.
1. The AD694 is a complete voltage in to 4–20 mA out current
2. Pin programmable input ranges are precalibrated at 0 V to
2 V and 0 V to 10 V.
3. The input amplifier may be configured to buffer and scale the
input voltage, or to serve as an output amplifier for current
4. The output voltage compliance extends to within 2 V of the
positive supply and below common. When operated with a
5 V supply, the output voltage compliance extends 30 V be-
5. The AD694 interfaces directly to 8-, 10-, and 12-bit single
supply CMOS and bipolar DACs.
6. The 4 mA zero current may be switched on and off with a
TTL control pin, allowing 0–20 mA operation.
7. An open collector alarm warns of loop failure due to open
wires or noncompliance of the output stage.
8. A monitored output is provided to drive an external pass
transistor. The feature off-loads power dissipation to extend
the temperature range of operation and minimize self-heating
Information furnished by Analog Devices is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Analog Devices for its
use, nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that
may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise
under any patent or patent rights of Analog Devices.
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© Analog Devices, Inc., 2002