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PCA9952 Datasheet

16-channel constant current LED driver

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PCA9952; PCA9955
16-channel Fm+ I2C-bus 57 mA constant current LED driver
Rev. 7.1 — 29 June 2015
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA9952 and PCA9955 are I2C-bus controlled 16-channel constant current LED
driver optimized for dimming and blinking 57 mA Red/Green/Blue/Amber (RGBA) LEDs in
amusement products. Each LEDn output has its own 8-bit resolution (256 steps) fixed
frequency individual PWM controller that operates at 31.25 kHz with a duty cycle that is
adjustable from 0 % to 99.6 % to allow the LED to be set to a specific brightness value. An
additional 8-bit resolution (256 steps) group PWM controller has both a fixed frequency of
122 Hz and an adjustable frequency between 15 Hz to once every 16.8 seconds with a
duty cycle that is adjustable from 0 % to 99.6 % that is used to either dim or blink all LEDs
with the same value.
Each LEDn output can be off, on (no PWM control), set at its individual PWM controller
value or at both individual and group PWM controller values. The PCA9952 and PCA9955
operate with a supply voltage range of 3 V to 5.5 V and the constant current sink LEDn
outputs allow up to 40 V for the LED supply. The output peak current is adjustable with an
8-bit linear DAC from 225 A to 57 mA.
These devices have built-in open, short load and overtemperature detection circuitry. The
error information from the corresponding register can be read via the I2C-bus. Additionally,
a thermal shutdown feature protects the device when internal junction temperature
exceeds the limit allowed for the process.
The PCA9952 and PCA9955 devices have Fast-mode Plus (Fm+) I2C-bus interface. Fm+
devices offer higher frequency (up to 1 MHz) or more densely populated bus operation
(up to 4000 pF).
The PCA9952 is identical to PCA9955 except for the following differences:
The PCA9952 has only three hardware address pins compared to four on PCA9955.
The PCA9952 has an output enable pin (OE) and the PCA9955 does not.
The active LOW output enable input pin (OE), available only on PCA9952, blinks all the
LEDn outputs and can be used to externally PWM the outputs, which is useful when
multiple devices need to be dimmed or blinked together without using software control.
Software programmable LED Group and three Sub Call I2C-bus addresses allow all or
defined groups of PCA9952/55 devices to respond to a common I2C-bus address,
allowing for example, all red LEDs to be turned on or off at the same time or marquee
chasing effect, thus minimizing I2C-bus commands. On power-up, PCA9952/55 will have
a unique Sub Call address to identify it as a 16-channel LED driver. This allows mixing of
devices with different channel widths. Four hardware address pins on PCA9955 allow up
to 16 devices on the same bus. In the case of PCA9952, three hardware address pins
allow up to 8 devices on the same bus.


NXP Semiconductors Electronic Components Datasheet

PCA9952 Datasheet

16-channel constant current LED driver

No Preview Available !

NXP Semiconductors
PCA9952; PCA9955
16-channel Fm+ I2C-bus 57 mA constant current LED driver
The Software Reset (SWRST) function allows the master to perform a reset of the
PCA9952/55 through the I2C-bus, identical to the Power-On Reset (POR) that initializes
the registers to their default state causing the output current switches to be OFF (LED off).
This allows an easy and quick way to reconfigure all device registers to the same
condition.
2. Features and benefits
16 LED drivers. Each output programmable at:
Off
On
Programmable LED brightness
Programmable group dimming/blinking mixed with individual LED brightness
Programmable LEDn output enable delay to reduce EMI and surge currents
16 constant current output channels can sink up to 57 mA, tolerate up to 40 V when
OFF
Output current adjusted through an external resistor
Output current accuracy
6 % between output channels
8 % between PCA9952/55 devices
Open/short load/overtemperature detection mode to detect individual LED errors
1 MHz Fast-mode Plus compatible I2C-bus interface with 30 mA high drive capability
on SDA output for driving high capacitive buses
256-step (8-bit) linear programmable brightness per LEDn output varying from fully off
(default) to maximum brightness using a 31.25 kHz PWM signal
256-step group brightness control allows general dimming (using a 122 Hz PWM
signal) from fully off to maximum brightness (default)
256-step group blinking with frequency programmable from 15 Hz to 16.8 s and duty
cycle from 0 % to 99.6 %
Output state change programmable on the Acknowledge or the STOP Command to
update outputs byte-by-byte or all at the same time (default to ‘Change on STOP’).
Active LOW Output Enable (OE) input pin (only on PCA9952) allows for hardware
blinking and dimming of the LEDs
Four hardware address pins allow 16 PCA9955 devices to be connected to the same
I2C-bus and to be individually programmed
Four software programmable I2C-bus addresses (one LED Group Call address and
three LED Sub Call addresses) allow groups of devices to be addressed at the same
time in any combination (for example, one register used for ‘All Call’ so that all the
PCA9952/55s on the I2C-bus can be addressed at the same time and the second
register used for three different addresses so that 13 of all devices on the bus can be
addressed at the same time in a group). Software enable and disable for each
programmable I2C-bus address.
Unique power-up default Sub Call address allows mixing of devices with different
channel widths
Software Reset feature (SWRST Call) allows the device to be reset through the
I2C-bus
8 MHz internal oscillator requires no external components
PCA9952_PCA9955
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 7.1 — 29 June 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
2 of 48


Part Number PCA9952
Description 16-channel constant current LED driver
Maker NXP
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PCA9952 Datasheet PDF





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