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Motorola Electronic Components Datasheet

MC92305 Datasheet

16/32/64/128/256 QAM RECEIVER AND REED-SOLOMON DECODER

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MC92305 pdf
MOTOROLA
SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNICAL DATA
Current Information @ www.mot.com/ADC
MC92305
Product Preview
16/32/64/128/256 QAM RECEIVER AND
REED-SOLOMON DECODER
The MC92305 is a high performance digital demodulator/decoder optimized for
demodulation and block error correction of QAM signals used in Digital Video Broad-
cast by Cable (DVB-C) and DAVIC 1.0 compliant applications.
Feature Summary
• Single A/D IF interface
• Maximum signaling rate of 7Mbaud (42Mbits/sec for 64 QAM and
56Mbits/sec for 256 QAM)
• DVB compliant QAM Coherent Demodulator
• Transversal/Decision Feedback adaptive equalizer
No external components or control required
• Micro-reflection cancellation up to 1.4µs
• Nyquist baseband filtering (α=0.15)
• 1-bit Σ∆ control outputs for AGC, VCO and optional external NCO
• Programmable De-Interleaving For MPEG Transport Packets
• DVB Compliant (204,188,16) Reed Solomon Decoding
• DVB Compliant PRBS Descrambling
• 0.5 micron CMOS, 3.3V technology
• I2C Interface for control/monitoring of system
RESETB
I&Q[9:0]
AGCOUT
ADCLKOUT
VCOOUT
IQSWAP
CTLOUT
ADCLKIN
DMODLOCK
SYMFE
MSSLOCK
SDATA
DOUT[7:0]
IN_FMT
DO_VAL
SCLK
FRAME_SYNCH
BITCLK
FRAME_ERR
FRAME_START
Ordering Information
Device
Package
MC92305CD
80QFP
10
I &Q
SYMFE
RESETB
IN_FMT
ADCLKOUT
CTLOUT
VCOOUT
AGCOUT
MSSLOCK
DMODLOCK
ADCLKIN
16/32/64/128/256
QAM DEMOD.
Symbol
To Byte
Mapping
RAM
APLL
BITCLK
Synch Word
Synchronization
Programmable
De-Interleaver
Reed-Solomon
Decoder
FRAME_SYNCH
PRBS
8
Descrambler
DOUT
FRAME_START
FRAME_ERR
DO_VAL
I2C Interface
SCLK
SDATA
Figure 1. MC92305 Block Diagram
This document contains information on a product under development. Motorola reserves the right to change or discontinue this product without notice.
© MOTOROLA, INC. 1997
4/9/97


Motorola Electronic Components Datasheet

MC92305 Datasheet

16/32/64/128/256 QAM RECEIVER AND REED-SOLOMON DECODER

No Preview Available !

MC92305 pdf
Demodulator Interface
The MC92305 is interfaced to a single 8-bit (10-bit for
256 QAM) A/D converter which is clocked at 4 times the
symbol rate (4Rs). A pin-programmable input format se-
lector allows the use of A/D converters which produce out-
put samples in either offset binary or 2's complement
format.
The demodulator function performs all required sig-
nal processing to extract the I and Q symbols from the re-
ceived data stream. Fully internal digital clock recovery/
synchronization, Nyquist filtering and LTE/DFE adaptive
equalization are employed to recover symbol information
in the presence of channel noise and micro-reflections.
The equalizer is able to converge with random received
data and no special training sequence is required.
Single-bit (Sigma-Delta converted) outputs are pro-
vided for automatic gain control (AGC) and A/D voltage
controlled oscillator(VCO) feedback functions within the
external IF circuitry.
De-Interleaving
After synchronization with the MPEG framing struc-
ture the data stream is convolutionally de-interleaved. To
obtain the maximum data throughput (i.e. minimum la-
tency) under various channel SNR's the de-interleaver
can be programmed.
Table 1 describes the usable parameter settings
with varying delay (latency) and burst (error correction).
N is the block size in bytes, DEPTH is the number of
paths in the de-interleaver and INC is the increment (in
bytes) in which data is moved through the de-interleaver
paths. DELAY is defined as the latency (in bytes) in the
de-interleaver (after frame synchronization has been
achieved) and BURST is defined as the maximum num-
ber of bytes that can be affected by bursty noise before
more than eight bytes are corrupted in a de-interleaved
MPEG frame. Minimum burst error correction of 8 bytes
is guaranteed by the Reed Solomon decoder.
Table 1. De-Interleaver Configurations
The demodulator carrier tracking loop is capable of
locking to signals which contain moderate frequency off-
sets (0.06Rs) from the specified IF frequencies. The car-
rier tracking loop is normally closed digitally, using an
internal numerically controlled oscillator (NCO) but a sin-
gle bit control output is also provided for closing the loop
through an external VCO.
N
Depth Inc
Delay
Burst
11
10
8
204 4
51 612
30
204 6
34 1020
44
102 17
6
1632
54
204 12
17 2244
86
External signals indicate when the demodulator has
successfully acquired the data stream and recovered the
data clock (MSSLOCK), and when the received symbols
are consistently below a programmable error threshold
(DMODLOCK).
Symbol To Byte Mapping
The received symbols are mapped into bytes accord-
ing to the DVB/Davic 1.0 specifications. An internal I2C
register can be used to select an alternative de-coding
scheme which is specified as a mask programmable op-
tion.
Sync Word Synchronization.
After demodulation of the received data, the byte
stream is examined for MPEG synchronization (inverted
and non-inverted) bytes and when the number detected
exceeds programmable thresholds, the received byte
stream is recognized as valid MPEG data.
FRAME_SYNCH is asserted when the programmed num-
ber of synchronization bytes have been recognized.
FRAME_START is asserted for one byte width at the start
of each MPEG frame.
The operation of the de-interleaver is software con-
figurable via the I2C interface during system operation.
Reed Solomon Decoding
The Reed Solomon decoder block implements a
shortened Reed-Solomon decoder with field generator
polynomial X8 + X4 + X3 + X2 + 1 as per the DVB speci-
fication.
The decoder is able to correct up to 8 byte errors in
each received packet. Following error correction the
Reed Solomon decoder outputs the MPEG packets and
asserts the DO_VAL output for each byte output (50%
duty cycle per byte).
If the error correcting ability of the Reed Solomon
decoder is exceeded (more than 8 byte errors in a single
packet), the original, uncorrected, data is output and the
DO_VAL output is not asserted. The FRAME_ERR sig-
nal is asserted for the duration of the uncorrected MPEG
frame.
MOTOROLA
2
MC92305
Rev.1.1


Part Number MC92305
Description 16/32/64/128/256 QAM RECEIVER AND REED-SOLOMON DECODER
Maker Motorola
Total Page 4 Pages
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